Private Trust Companies (PTCs) are established with the sole purpose of acting as corporate trustee to a trust or a number of trusts, created by a settlor or individuals connected to the settlor described in the trust instrument creating the private trust.
“Private trust” here means a trust where each beneficiary of the trust is a connected person in relation to the settlor of the trust. A person is a connected person to the settlor in respect of the following relationships:-
- his spouse;
- his descendants and their spouses;
- his parents, including step-parents;
- his grandparents and his spouse’s grandparents;
- his parents-in-law, including step-parents-in-law;
- his brother, step-brother, sister, step-sister and their spouses;
- his spouse’s brother, step-brother, sister, step-sister and their spouses and children;
- his parent’s brother, step-brother, sister, step-sister and their spouses;
- children of the brother, step-brother, sister or stepsister of his parents, both present and future, including step-children and their spouses; and
- children of his brother, step-brother, sister or stepsister, both present and future, including stepchildren and their spouses.
PTCs are commonly used by wealthy and high net worth (HNW) families in their wealth structuring, for a number of reasons explained below.
APPLICATION FOR LABUAN PTC
Application for a PTC registration must be forwarded to the Director General of Labuan FSA.
Kensington Trust Labuan Limited is licensed appropriately to handle the application and to act as agent of Labuan PTC. Please discuss with Kensington Trust Labuan Limited on the requirements, procedures and estimated timeline for application of a PTC.
BENEFITS OF USING LABUAN PTC
- Confidentiality - can be maintained by using a PTC, rather than an independent professional trustee.
- Control and influence - The board of the PTC may consist of the settlor, members of his family and trusted advisors (if the settlor wishes to). The settlor and his family members have direct involvement in the decision making processes.
- Management succession planning – A vehicle to familiarise the family members with the wealth and business interests owned by the trust and instruct them in the management of these assets.
- Continuity – The administrator / agent may change but the PTC will remain as trustee providing continuing of asset ownership.
- Diversified underlying assets – Independent professional trustees may be reluctant or slow in giving approval to hold certain assets or entering into major transactions. PTC allows greater choice as to what investments may be made with the trust fund based on varied knowledge of family members acting as Board members.
- Cost – The ongoing costs may be less than the trustee fees charged by independent professional trustee, particularly if the trust assets are substantial.
- Ownership succession – The PTC may be owned by the settlor or family member(s). However, it is common to use a non-charitable purpose trust, the sole purpose of which is to own the shares of the PTC with no requirement to appoint beneficiaries.
TYPICAL DIAGRAM OF LABUAN PTC
KEY REQUIREMENTS OF LABUAN PTC
- The PTC needs to be a company that is incorporated or registered under the Labuan Companies Act 1990 (LCA) as a Labuan company or a foreign Labuan company (“Labuan branch”).
- The PTC must maintain a registered office in Labuan.
- The PTC must appoint a licensed Labuan trust company as its agent.
- A PTC business may only provide the trust company services to the private trust. The types of services to be provided by a Labuan PTC may include the following:
- Provide trustee services including review of the trust instrument(s) and the type of assets funding the trust(s), trust management and accounting services;
- Perform secretarial duties of the private trust(s), such as lodgement of any documents and reports through the Labuan trust company (appointed Agent) as required under the Labuan Financial Services and Securities Act 2010 (LFSSA);
- Carry out activities such as being an agent, executor or administrator or other activities pursuant to the objectives of the PTC; and
- Provide other services as may be approved by Labuan FSA from time to time.
LABUAN IBFC TAXATION
A PTC carrying on a Labuan business activity shall be charged to tax in accordance with the Labuan Business Activity Tax Act 1990 (“LBATA”) for each year of assessment in respect of that Labuan business activity. Annual tax return needs to be filed with the Malaysian Director General of Inland Revenue by 31 March of that year of assessment. Normally, an extension of time for filing is allowed by the Inland Revenue of Board.
LABUAN FSA FEES FOR PTC
Processing Fee (once-off)
RM1,000 each application
Registration fee of RM5,000 is payable to Labuan FSA upon the grant of registration for Labuan PTC and remains valid until 31 December of the year of approval. Subsequent annual fee of RM5,000 is payable to Labuan FSA on or before 15 January of each calendar year.